For copies of these papers email us at [email protected] You can also access these papers at Research Gate ( click here ).

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Friess & Oliver. 2014. Dynamic Environments of Singapore. McGraw Hill. 193 pages. ISBN: 9789814575706.
Journal articles
Friess, Rogers, Lovelock, Krauss, Hamilton, Lee, Lucas, Primavera, Rajkaran & Shi. Accepted. The state of the world's mangrove forests: past, present and future. Annual Review of Environment and Resources

Van der Stocken, Wee, De Ryck, Vanshoenwinkel, Friess, Dahdouh-Guebas, Simard, Koedam & Webb. Accepted. A general framework for propagule dispersal in mangroves. Biological Reviews

Vande Velde, Huge, Friess, Koedam & Dahdouh-Guebas. 2019Stakeholder discourses on urban mangrove conservation and management. Ocean & Coastal Management ​178, 104810.

Coleman, Ascher, Bickford, Buchori, Cabanban, Chisholm, Chong, Christie, Clements, dela Cruz, Dressler, Edwards, Francis, Friess, et al. 2019Top 100 research questions for biodiversity conservation in Southeast Asia. Biological Conservation 234, 211-220

Cameron, Hutley & Friess. 2019Estimating the full greenhouse gas emissions offset potential and profile between rehabilitating and established mangroves. Science of the Total Environment 665, 419-431.

Pham, Yokoya, Bui, Yoshino & Friess. 2019. Remote sensing approaches for monitoring mangrove species, structure and biomass: opportunities and challenges. Remote Sensing​ 11, 230.

Curnick, Pettorelli, Amir, Balke, Barbier, Crooks, Dahdouh-Guebas, Duncan, Endsor, Friess, Quarto, Zimmer, Lee. 2019. The value of small mangrove patches. Science 363, 239.
Thompson & Friess. 2019. Stakeholder preferences for payments for ecosystem services (PES) versus other environmental management approaches for mangrove forests. Journal of Environmental Management 233, 636-648.

​​Cameron, Hutley, Friess & Brown. 2019. Community structure dynamics and carbon stock change of rehabilitated mangrove forests in Sulawesi, Indonesia. Ecological Applications 29, e01810.

Cameron, Hutley, Friess & Munksgaard. 2019. Hydroperiod, soil moisture and bioturbation are critical drivers of greenhouse gas fluxes and vary as a function of landuse change in mangroves of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Science of the Total Environment 654, 365-377.

Friess. 2019. Where the tallest mangroves are. Nature Geoscience 12, 4-5.


Taillardat, Friess & Lupascu. 2018. Mangrove blue carbon strategies for climate change mitigation are most effective at the national scale. Biology Letters 14, 20180251

Scales, Friess, Glass & Ravaoarinorotsihoarana. 2018. Rural livelihoods and mangrove degradation in south-west Madagascar: lime production as an emerging threat. Oryx 52, 641-645.

Heery, Browne, Hoeksema, Reimer, Ang, Friess, Huang, Chou, Bauman, Loke, Saksena-Taylor, Alsagoff, Yeemin, Sutthacheep, Vo, Bos, Gumanao, Hussein, Waheed, Lane, Johan, Kunsmann, Jompa, Taira & Todd. 2018. Urban coral reefs of East and Southeast Asia. Marine Pollution Bulletin 135, 654-681.

Taillardat, Willemsen, Marchand, Friess, Widory, Baudron, Truong, Nguyen & Ziegler. 2018. Assessing the contribution of porewater discharge in carbon export and CO2 evasion in a mangrove tidal creek (Can Gio, Vietnam). Journal of Hydrology 563, 303-318.

Taillardat, Ziegler, Friess, David, Widory, Truong, Nguyen & Marchand. ​2018. Carbon dynamics and inconstant porewater input in a mangrove tidal creek over contrasting seasons and tidal amplitudes. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 237, 32-48.

Islam, Sunny, Hossain & Friess. 2018. Drivers of mangrove ecosystem service change in the Sundarbans of Bangladesh. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography 39, 244-265.

Gaw, Linkie & Friess. 2018. Mangrove forest dynamics in Tanintharyi, Myanmar from 1989-2014, and the role of future economic and political developments. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography 39, 224-243.

Leong, Friess, Crase, Lee & Webb. 2018. High-resolution pattern of mangrove species distribution is controlled by surface elevation. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 202, 185-192.

Thompson, Gillen & Friess. 2018Challenging the principles of ecotourism: insights from entrepreneurs on environmental and economic sustainability in Langkawi, Malaysia. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 26, 257-276.

Hamilton & Friess. 2018. Global carbon stocks and potential emissions due to mangrove deforestation from 2000 to 2012. Nature Climate Change 8, 240-244.


Friess. 2017. Mangrove rehabilitation along urban coastlines: a Singapore case study. Regional Studies in Marine Science 16, 279-289.

Feller, Friess, Krauss & Lewis. 2017. The state of the world's mangroves in the 21st century under climate change. Hydrobiologia 803, 1-12.

Friess. 2017J.G. Watson, Inundation Classes, and their influence on paradigms in mangrove forest ecology. Wetlands ​37, 603-613.

Friess. 2017. Singapore as a long-term case study for tropical urban ecosystem services. Urban Ecosystems 20, 277-291.

Richards & Friess. 2017. Characterizing coastal ecosystem service trade-offs with future urban development in a tropical city. ​Environmental Management 60, 961-973.

Friess & Jazeel. 2017. Unlearning 'landscape'. Annals of the American Association of Geographers 107, 14-21.

Benzeev, Hutchinson & Friess. 2017. Quantifying fisheries ecosystem services of mangroves and tropical urban artificial shorelines. Hydrobiologia​ 803, 225-237.

Singh, Friess, Vilela, Alban, Monzon, Veridiano & Tumaneng. 2017. Spatial relationships between above-ground biomass and bird biodiversity in Palawan, Philippines. PLoS ONE 12, e0186742.

Sillanpää, Vantellingen & Friess. 2017. Vegetation regeneration in a sustainable harvested mangrove forest in West Papua, Indonesia. Forest Ecology and Management ​290, 137-146.

Thompson, Primavera & Friess. 2017. Governance and implementation challenges for mangrove forest Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES): empirical evidence from the Philippines. Ecosystem Services 23, 146-155.

Sharma, Nadoaka, Nakoaka, Uy, MacKenzie, Friess & Fortes. 2017. Growth performance and structure of a mangrove afforestation project on a former seagrass bed, Mindanao Island, Philippines. Hydrobiologia 803, 359-371.

Oh, Friess & Brown. 2017. The role of surface elevation in the rehabilitation of abandoned aquaculture ponds to mangrove forest, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Ecological Engineering 100, 325-334.


Friess, Thompson, Brown, Amir, Cameron, Koldewey, Sasmito & Sidik. 2016. Policy challenges and approaches for the conservation of mangrove forests in Southeast Asia. Conservation Biology 30, 933-949.

Richards & Friess. 2016. Rates and drivers of mangrove deforestation in Southeast Asia, 2000-2012. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113, 344-349.

Friess. 2016. Ecosystem services and disservices of mangrove forests: insights from historical colonial observations. Forests 7, 183.

Friess. 2016. Mangrove forests. Current Biology 36, R746-R748.

Friess, Richards & Phang. Mangrove forests store high densities of carbon across the tropical urban landscape of Singapore. Urban Ecosystems 19, 795-810.

Friess, Lee & Primavera. 2016. Turning the tide on mangrove loss: editorial. Marine Pollution Bulletin 109, 673-675.

Friess, Oliver, Quak & Lau. 2016. Incorporating "virtual" and "real world" field trips into introductory geography modules. Journal of Geography in Higher Education 40, 546-564.

Willemsen, Horstman, Borsje, Friess & Dohmen-Janssen. 2016. Sensitivity of the sediment trapping capacity of an estuarine mangrove forest. Geomorphology 273, 189-201.

Terry, Oliver & Friess. 2016. Ancient high-energy storm boulder deposits on Ko Samui, Thailand, and their significance for identifying coastal hazard risk. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 454, 282-293.

Singh, Evans, Coomes, Friess, Tan & Nin. 2016. Incorporating canopy cover for airborne-derived assessments of forest biomass in the tropical forests of Cambodia. PLoS ONE 11, e0154307.

Ward, Friess, Day & Mackenzie. 2016. Impacts of climate change on mangrove ecosystems: a region by region overview. Ecosystem Health and Sustainability 2, e01211.

Sasmito, Murdiyarso, Friess & Kurnianto. 2016. Can mangroves keep pace with contemporary sea level rise? A global data review. Wetlands Ecology and Management 24, 263-278.

Balke & Friess. 2016. Geomorphic knowledge for mangrove restoration: a pan-tropical categorization. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 41, 231-239.


Lovelock, Cahoon, Friess, Guntenspergen, Krauss, Reef, Rogers, Saunders, Sidik, Swales, Saintilan, Thuyen & Triet. 2015. The vulnerability of Indo-Pacific mangrove forests to sea-level rise. Nature 526, 559-563.

Friess, Phelps, Garmendia & Gómez-Baggethun. 2015. Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) in the face of external biophysical stressors. Global Environmental Change 30, 31-42.

Phang, Chou & Friess. 2015. Ecosystem carbon stocks across a tropical intertidal habitat mosaic of mangrove forest, seagrass meadow, mudflat and sandbar. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 40, 1387-1400.

Thiagarajah, Wong, Richards & Friess. 2015. Historical and contemporary cultural ecosystem service values in the rapidly urbanizing city state of Singapore. Ambio 44, 666-677.

Singh, Evans, Friess, Tan & Nin. 2015. Mapping Above-Ground Biomass in a tropical forest in Cambodia using canopy textures derived from Google Earth. Remote Sensing 7, 5057-5076.

Gillen, Ziegler, Friess & Wasson. 2015. Geography's role in nurturing postgraduate students. The Geographical Journal 181, 427-431.

Richards & Friess. 2015. A rapid indicator of cultural ecosystem service usage at a fine spatial scale: content analysis of social media photographs. Ecological Indicators 53, 187-195.


Friess & Webb. 2014. Variability in mangrove change estimates and implications for the assessment of ecosystem service provision. Global Ecology and Biogeography 23, 715-725.

Friess, Möller, Spencer, Smith, Thomson & Hill. 2014. Coastal saltmarsh managed realignment drives rapid breach inlet and external creek evolution, Freiston Shore (UK). Geomorphology 208, 22-33.

Webb, Jachowski, Phelps, Friess, Than & Ziegler. 2014. Deforestation in the Ayeyarwady Delta and the conservation implications of an internationally-engaged Myanmar. Global Environmental Change 24, 321-333.

Ziegler, Terry, Oliver, Friess, Chuah, Chow & Wasson. 2014. Increasing Singapore's resilience to drought. Hydrological Processes 28, 4543-4548.


Webb, Friess, Krauss, Cahoon, Guntenspergen & Phelps. 2013. A global standard for monitoring coastal wetland vulnerability to accelerated sea level rise. Nature Climate Change 3, 458-465.

Friess. 2013. Tropical wetlands and REDD+: three unique scientific challenges for policy. International Journal of Rural Law and Policy 2013, 68-73.

Jachowski, Quak, Friess, Duangnamon, Webb & Ziegler. 2013. Mangrove biomass estimation in Southwest Thailand using machine learning. Applied Geography 45, 311-321.


Friess, Krauss, Horstman, Balke, Bouma, Galli & Webb. 2012. Are all intertidal wetlands naturally created equal? Bottlenecks, thresholds and knowledge gaps to mangrove and saltmarsh ecosystems. Biological Reviews 87, 346-366.

Friess, Spencer, Smith, Möller, Brooks & Thomson. 2012. Remote sensing of geomorphological and ecological change in response to saltmarsh managed realignment, The Wash, UK. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 18, 57-68.

Friess, Phelps, Leong, Lee, Wee, Sivasothi, Oh & Webb. 2012. Mandai mangrove, Singapore: lessons for the conservation of Southeast Asia's mangroves. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology S25, 55-65.

Webb, Phelps, Friess, Rao & Ziegler. 2012. Environment-friendly reform in Myanmar. Science 336, 295.

Phelps, Friess & Webb. 2012. Win-win REDD+ approaches belie carbon-biodiversity trade-offs. Biological Conservation 154, 53-60.

Spencer, Friess, Möller, Brown, Garbutt & French. 2012. Surface elevation change in natural and re-created intertidal habitats, eastern England, UK, with particular reference to Freiston Shore. Wetlands Ecology and Management 20, 9-33.


Friess & Webb. 2011. Bad data equals bad policy: how to trust rates of ecosystem loss when there is so much uncertainty? Environmental Conservation 38, 1-5.

Friess, Kudavidanage & Webb. 2011. The digital globe is our oyster. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9, 542.

Krauss & Friess. 2011. Review of the World Atlas of Mangroves. Wetlands 35, 1003-1005.

Book chapters and working papers​​
Primavera, Friess, van Lavieren & Lee. 2018. The mangrove ecosystem. In: World Seas: an Environmental Evaluation. ​Academic Press.

Lovelock, Friess, Kauffman & Fourqurean. 2018. Human impacts on blue carbon ecosystems. In: A Blue Carbon Primer. CDC Press.

Friess. 2017. "Mangroves". In: Oxford Bibliographies in Environmental Science. Ed. Ellen Wohl. Oxford University Press.​​

Friess. 2017. Ecotourism as a tool for mangrove conservation. Sumatra Journal of Disaster, Geography and Geography Education 1, 24-35.

Sasmito, Taillardat, Clendenning, Friess, Murdiyarso, Hutley. 2016. Carbon stocks and fluxes associated with land-use and land-cover change in mangrove ecosystems: a systematic review protocol. Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) Working Paper 211

Friess & Thompson. 2016. Mangrove Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES): a viable funding mechanism for Disaster Risk Reduction? In: Ecosystem-based Disaster Risk Reduction and Adaptation: Linking Science, Policy and Practice. Springer.

Friess. 2015. Managing Southeast Asian ecosystems to reduce coastal population vulnerability under sea level rise. In: Koh et al. (eds). Climate Change Adaptation: ASEAN and Comparative Experiences. World Scientific.

van Bochove et al. 2014. The Importance of Mangroves to People: a call to action. United Nations Environment Programme [contributor to Chapter 5].

Friess. 2014. Biophysical thresholds to mangrove establishment. In: Lewis & Brown (eds). Ecological Mangrove Restoration: a Field Manual for Practitioners. Oxfam, Canadian International Development Agency.

Chan, Friess, Terry & Mitchell. 2014. Climate impacts: vulnerability and adaptation in coastal East Asia. In: Harris & Lang (eds). Handbook of Environment and Society in East Asia. Routledge.

Friess & Lacambra. 2013. El uso de LiDAR para la elaboración de mapas y modelos de amenazas naturales en zonas costeras [the use of LiDAR to map and model natural hazards in the coastal zone]. In: Alcantara (ed). Métodos en Teledetección Aplicada a la Prevención de Riesgos Naturales en el Litoral. [in Spanish, email me for an English version]

Lacambra, Friess, Spencer & Möller. 2013. Bioshields: mangroves as a resilient coastal defence. In: Renaud, Sudmeier-Rieux & Estrella (eds). The Role of Ecosystems in Disaster Risk Reduction. United Nations University Press. Pgs 82-108.

Friess & Lee. 2012. Sundarban mangroves. In: Biomes and Ecosystems: an Encyclopedia. Golsen Press.

Friess, Möller & Spencer. 2008. Managed realignment and the re-establishment of saltmarsh habitat, Freiston Shore, Lincolnshire, United Kingdom. In: ProAct Network, The Role of Environmental Management and Eco-Engineering in Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation. ProAct Network/UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction. 124p.

Gardiner, Hanson, Nicholls, Spencer & Friess. 2008. Coastal habitats, MCCIP Annual Report Card 2007–2008 Scientific Review. Marine Climate Change Impacts Partnership.